Lupin: therapeutic properties, application, and recipes
The Latin name of the plant means “wolf”. Lupin belongs to a one-year rhizomatous plants of the legume family. Often it occurs as herbaceous plant, and more rarely as a shrub. It should be noted that there are two hundred species of lupine that grow in different parts of the world. But more often it occurs in North America and the Mediterranean. The peculiarity of it is that it is unpretentious to soil conditions. Can grow on any soil but grows best on slightly acidic and slightly alkaline.
The lupine leaves are petiolate, palmately they collected in the rosette. The flowers are racemes of various colors. They can be white, blue, yellow and purple, pink and purple, cream and red. Lupine blooms throughout June. This herbaceous plant can grow to a height of 120 centimeters. Its stems are smooth and durable, almost naked.
The fruit of the lupine — Bob of irregular shape, containing different number of seeds. More can be found lupine multivalent. This species is frost-resistant and completely unpretentious. That’s why you can meet him even in the taiga of Russia. Typically, the lupine grows along roadsides and in forests.
The plant belongs to the category of rare and protected. In Europe, it was brought to the early 19th century.
For medicinal purposes it is customary to prepare all parts of this plant, but in different time periods. So, the stems are harvested in June and August, during flowering lupine. Gather the blossoms, too, in the period of their blooming, but the roots of medicinal plants can be dug for harvesting throughout summer and autumn.
It should be noted that the national medicine applies and the fresh plant as a remedy in the warm season, and the dried raw material lupine.
Dry all components of the medicinal plants and the outdoors, turning occasionally, and electric dryers. The second method involves drying temperature control. It should not exceed 50 degrees Celsius. Keep all the ingredients from lupine in dry ventilated areas. Better to save them in paper bags. The seeds are stored in cardboard boxes up to 3 years.
Used in the home
Lupin in addition to pharmacology and traditional medicine used in forestry and floriculture, apiculture and as feed for breeding fish in aquariums.
In some European countries milled Lupin is a component of confectionery and bakery products. In America the seeds are used as food plants. In their powdered form are used as the basis for cooking first and second courses. In Japanese cuisine Lupin is a component of dishes such as tofu and miso, add it and the soy sauce. In Germany for making low calorie ice cream used the seeds of the lupine. But the local population of Peru and Bolivia as food uses the fruits of plants, and quite often.
Lupin is used as feed for domestic animals. In this form it is used widely in different countries. Lupin as green manure have been used in agronomy. This means that the plant improves the soil structure, enriching it with nitrogen.
And it’s a healing plant due to its composition is a component of cosmetic anti-aging series. Preparations on the basis of lupine used as cleaning agents, nourishing, rejuvenating the skin. By the way, this plant is a good helper in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Also it is part for hair removal. It makes the hairs weaker and thinner.
In medicine this product is used for making extraction of cephalosporin.
The composition and therapeutic properties
The healing properties of plants is the presence of the seeds is 50% protein and 20% oil. Red-yellow oil contains a lot of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Green lupine, which is harvested in the phase of full flowering, contains about 3% protein, and the dried weight of almost 17%, beans — up to 40%.
The seeds contain the alkaloid lupain. Long been proven that Lupin seeds reduce cholesterol in the blood and treat diabetes. They are composed of specific protein glycoprotein, which can replace insulin. Therefore, the useful properties of lupins have been used successfully in the treatment of diabetes.