Atherosclerosis General – Official and folk medicine
Most commonly the disease is prevalent in highly developed countries such as USA, Russia, France, Germany, Italy. In Africa and South America atherosclerosis occurs much less frequently.
In addition, in large cities the disease is much more common than in rural areas. Men suffer from atherosclerosis in three to four times more often than women. These differences depend primarily on the conditions of life. Constant nervous stress, frequent stress, as well as food rich in animal fats – all these factors greatly contribute to the development of atherosclerosis.
Animals do not suffer from atherosclerosis. However, in the experiment, some of them managed to cause atherosclerotic changes in the arteries (through the introduction of dietary cholesterol or protein and fat products containing it), but these effects were much weaker than those that occur in human patients with atherosclerosis.
There are five main factors contributing to the emergence and progression of the disease:
1. Endocrine and metabolic disorders (predisposing).
2. Nervous disorders, leading to changes in lipid-protein balance.
3. Factor power (a large amount of cholesterol, protein and fat products introduced into the body with food).
4. Sedentary lifestyle.
It is now known that the main cause of atherosclerosis – a large amount of cholesterol circulating in human blood. Excess cholesterol in the form of plaques deposited on artery walls, reducing the lumen and reducing blood flow.
And reducing the amount of blood flowing to a particular organ, it causes oxygen starvation, disruption of and, ultimately, can lead to heart attack, stroke or heart attack. The artery can be compared to the water pipe, through which for a long time the water passes and which is gradually rust from the inside. As a result, the lumen of the tube decreases, the flow of water weakens, decreasing its number. This pipe needs to be changed.
But the artery is not replaced. So you should always strive to reduce the possibility of clogging (especially low-density lipoprotein).
Atherosclerotic process affects all the arteries, but depending on in which tissue and vessels, the process has gone on, there are several varieties of it: the atherosclerosis with primary defeat of vessels of the brain, atherosclerosis of the coronary vessels, atherosclerosis of vessels of lower extremities (obliterating endarteritis), etc.
When atherosclerosis of the coronary (heart) vessels appear angina, i.e. pain in the heart or compressive pressing nature, which can be observed both during exercise and at rest. Angina is explained by the fact that as a result of several reasons, one narrowing of the coronary vessels, decreases the nutrition of the heart muscle, and she is forced by pain to react to the lack of food. If angina is prolonged, may occur necrosis of the portion of the heart muscle. This condition is called a heart attack.
Atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels patients complain of dizziness, buzzing in the ears, memory loss. People notice changes in the psyche and behavior of the patient. With occlusion of a cerebral artery (thrombosis) can occur rupture accompanied by haemorrhage. Then a stroke occurs.
In lesions of atherosclerosis of peripheral vessels appear symptoms such as dry and wrinkled skin, emaciation, back pain, lower back, hands and feet. Often atherosclerosis of the lower limbs leads to gangrene and forced their amputation.
In the initial stages of atherosclerosis does not give a pronounced picture of the disease. Patients may complain of vague pain in the heart area, fatigue, headaches, lowering efficiency. In the future, develop painful syndromes, depending on the lesion or other vascular regions of the aorta, brain vessels, coronary vessels, etc.
Atherosclerosis is one of the most frequent diseases of our time. It affects mainly older people, but not always, is the hallmark symptom of old age. Recently atherosclerosis can often be found in young people, and with age it only increases.