Catalogue of medicinal plants and herbs
With a deep, even ancient peoples knew about the healing power of medicinal plants and in the treatment of patients they were used everywhere. In Kievan Rus from the first half of the 11th century the names of medicinal plants began to be recorded in writing and forming herbalists. By decree of Peter I in the early 18th century in Moscow, St. Petersburg and Lubny were formed “Apothecary gardens”, where strictly necessary and grown plants.
But today, the popularity of medicinal plants is large and they occupy in the life of a person significant niche. They help in the treatment of certain diseases, increase efficiency, improve our quality of life.
Among 500 000 plant species known to date, is widely used in modern medicine only a small part of them. There is a list of the major medicinal plants and herbs, suitable for use in medical practice.
A particularly popular medicinal plants, such as: rose hips, St. John’s wort, yarrow, nettle, Golden mustache, elecampane, Valeriana officinalis, Helichrysum, calamus, aloe and many other plants.
The use of medicinal herbs and plants
To apply herbs should be used with caution, only after consultation with your doctor. Otherwise, to actually cause the body irreparable harm, as some plants may be poisonous,or not to carry healing properties.
All due to the types of collected plants and herbs, the timing of data collection, periods of accumulation of these drugs that is uneven. In some species they are concentrated in the leaves, others in buds, stems, flowers and fruits, the third – in the bark or the roots. Special attention is paid to the collection, because of this factor depends on the amount of accumulated drugs.
Roots, tubers and rhizomes are harvested, usually in early spring or autumn when the aerial part wither.
Buds of birch, pine, poplar are harvested during their swelling, before the advent of green leaves.
Reinforced during the spring SAP flow remove the crust. At this time it is most rich in medicinal substances and is quite easily separated from the trunk.
The leaves are harvested when the buds are formed and the flowering period of the plants only in dry weather. Be sure to tear the flowers with the peduncle, released before drying from the leaves, long peduncles, and fruit.
Herbs are harvested only in dry weather, after the dew would fall off. You can’t pull the grass from the soil with the root system, this can lead to blockage of the necessary raw materials.
Fruits and seeds start to collect as they complete the ripening, the fruit is juicy and the berries is better to collect the morning or evening.
To collect medicinal herbs and plants is necessary in places – environmentally friendly. There is a whole science of herbal medicine is very ancient and means treatment by using medicinal herbs.
They are treating a huge number of different diseases: insomnia, atherosclerosis, bronchitis, eczema, gout, diseases of the stomach and 12 duodenal ulcer, rheumatism, pustular inflammation of the skin, hypertension, and heart vascular system and others.
A classification that specifies the list of medicinal plants with brief indication of their use.
To be treated by herbs seems to many at first sight easier, but you still should adhere to certain rules, namely:
to appoint and monitor the treatment process of medicinal herbs and plants have the doctor;
to buy all the herbs should be solely in the pharmacy;
don’t forget to read the manual, which details treatment and dosage, and possible side effects, and method of reception:
properly stored in optimum conditions.
Special caution should be exercised, giving medicinal herbs to children. Their fragile body are quite sensitive to the slightest change in dosage.
Of course, our life without the use of medicinal plants and herbs is impossible, but to prevent your body instead of an expected use – irreparable harm, first, do not self-medicate, and secondly, show the seriousness and discretion during treatment.