Hawthorn: useful properties and recipes of traditional healers
Drink hawthorn is useful – have no heart disease!
Hawthorn is a very valuable food and medicinal plant, which in Greek means “strong”. Having a strong and very firm wood, it can live several hundred years, bravely enduring all the adverse conditions of the environment.
Since ancient times traditional healers known beneficial properties of hawthorn, which was used for rheumatic pain and restore the nervous system. Despite the fact that since then a great amount of time, this green healer continues to enjoy great popularity not only among its practitioners but also among specialists of traditional medicine.
Description and chemical composition
On the territory of our country there are about 50 species of plants that grow almost everywhere except the far North.
It is a hardy undemanding plant. It can be seen on the slopes of the mountains, in rare dry forests, glades and floodplains.
The most useful species is the hawthorn blood-red. This is a shrub or small tree of the family Rosaceae, with firm straight spines and sharp leaves. It begins to bloom profusely in may – June. The flowers of this plant are white, small, gathered in dense many-flowered corymbs, with low specific smell. By the end of August – beginning of September, the plants start to ripen and sour sladkarovata red fruit with mealy pulp.
Hawthorn fruits contain tannins, organic acids, pectins, fatty oil, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, vitamins and sugar.
In the leaves contain organic acids (coffee, kontrova, chlorogenic and krutogolova), and in the flowers – essential oils, flavonoids, carotenoids and some organic acids. Also the fruits and flowers of hawthorn contain carotene and vitamin C, trace elements, alkaloids, and dyes, and in the bark of the plant is a glycoside esculin.
What is used as medicinal raw materials?
As a medicinal plant raw material using the fruits, leaves and flowers of hawthorn.
Note: this plant in hot weather fades very quickly (2-3 days). Therefore, harvesting flowers should be done at the beginning of flowering, when the buds have not opened. After rain or dew to collect them is not recommended, as they can quickly darken, and immediately, 1-2 hours after collection should be dried in a well ventilated area.
Dry the flowers and inflorescence of hawthorn are used to make tincture or decoction.
Harvesting of fruits is carried out in the period of their full maturity (from September up to the frosts). Dried fruit is also produced in a well-ventilated area for 7-8 days.
Pharmacological properties of hawthorn
From ancient times in folk medicine has used the healing properties of hawthorn in the treatment of cardiac ailments. Its constituent medicinal substances expand the openings in the blood vessels that nourish the heart with oxygen and reduces the manifestations of ischemia. Therefore, drugs from this plant is recommended for heart pain oppressive in nature.
However, the hawthorn prevents the development of atherosclerosis, reduces the excitability of the nervous system and normalizes cardiac rhythm, and located in the fruit pectin promotes excretion of salts of heavy metals.
In Tibetan medicine this plant was used to treat diseases of the biliary tract and liver, and even folk healers advise to take it for insomnia, nervous exhaustion, migraine, epilepsy and undue excitability.
After studying the therapeutic properties of hawthorn healers came to the conclusion that the treatment can be used all parts of the plant. A mixture of leaves, fruits and flowers used for diarrhea as a fixing and astringent. For blood purification use young leaves and flowers, and in cardiovascular diseases – the fruits of hawthorn.
Warning! Experts do not recommend consuming more than one Cup of berries at a time, as hawthorn reduce blood pressure, and excessive use can provoke the symptoms of hypotension (weakness and drowsiness).
Contraindications and side effects
Contraindications to the treatment of fruits, flowers and leaves of hawthorn are an idiosyncrasy of plants, pregnancy and lactation, as well as low blood pressure (hypotension).
Recipes of traditional healers